Monthly Archives: August 2013

Asian Pot Stickers with Ginger Dipping Sauce

Pot Stickers

Ingredients:

Ginger Dipping Sauce
1/2 cup soy sauce
1/4 cup rice wine vinegar
2 tablespoons finely grated ginger
2 tablespoons chopped green onion
2 medium cloves of garlic, minced
2 teaspoons sugar
1 teaspoon sesame oil

Pot Stickers
2 1/2 cups cabbage, finely chopped
1/3 pound ground chicken or pork
1 tablespoon fresh ginger, minced (from 1/2-inch knob)
1 small carrot, grated
2 scallions, thinly sliced
2 cloves garlic, minced
1 tablespoon soy sauce
2 teaspoons sesame oil
1/2 egg, lightly beaten
Salt and pepper
30 gyoza (pot sticker) wrappers
1/4 cup canola oil

Directions:

First, make the Ginger Dipping Sauce. Combine all ingredients in a small bowl and whisk until smooth.
Next make the filling for the pot stickers. In large bowl, combine shredded cabbage, chicken or pork, ginger, carrots, scallions, and garlic. In a separate bowl, whisk together soy sauce, sesame oil, and egg, then stir into cabbage-meat mixture. Season with salt and pepper.

On dry surface, lay out 1 gyoza wrapper. Spoon 1 1/2 teaspoons of the cabbage-meat filling into center, then moisten halfway around edge with water. Fold one edge of the gyoza wrapper over and seal, using thumb and forefinger of one hand, forming tiny pleats edge of wrapper. Set pot sticker aside on a baking sheet while you make the remainder of the pot stickers.

In a large non-stick skillet over moderately high heat, heat oil until hot but not smoking. Cook, the pot stickers on each side until golden brown. Add 1/2 cup water to the skillet and cover tightly with lid. Cook for 3-4 minutes. Remove with slotted spoon to serving platter and serve with Ginger Dipping Sauce. Makes 30.

Week 11: Ginger

Ginger root

Ginger is the rhisome or root of the ginger plant, known botanically as Zingiber officinale. The plant’s botanical name is thought to be derived from its Sanskrit name singabera which means “horn shaped,” a physical characteristic that ginger reflects. Ginger produces clusters of white and pink flower buds that blossom into pink or yellow flowers and the plants are often used for landscaping around subtropical homes.

Ginger flower

The flesh of the rhizome can be yellow, white or red in color. It is covered with a thin, brownish skin that can be easily removed by using a paring knife or scraping it with a spoon. It adds a spicy, fragrant flavor to food.

History

Ginger is mentioned in ancient Chinese, Indian and Middle Eastern writings, and has long been prized for its aromatic, culinary and medicinal properties. After the ancient Romans imported ginger from China almost two thousand years ago, its popularity in Europe remained centered in the Mediterranean region until the Middle Ages when its use spread throughout other countries.
Beginning in 1585, Jamaican ginger was the first oriental spice to be grown in the New World.

Although it is native to Southeast Asia, ginger is grown commercially today in Jamaica, India, Fiji, Indonesia and Australia.

Health Benefits

Ginger has historically been shown to alleviate gastrointestinal distress, particularly motion sickness, especially dizziness, nausea, vomiting and cold sweating. In the April 2005 issue of the journal, Obstetrics and Gynecology, it is reported that eating ginger is also a safe, effective treatment for relieving the severity of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.

Ginger also has anti-inflammatory compounds called gingerols. This explains why people with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis experience reductions in their pain levels and improvements in their mobility when they consume ginger regularly.

Research studies also suggest that gingerols may also inhibit the growth of human colorectal cancer cells and may kill cancer cells in ovarian cancer. It is also used to treat heartworm in dogs!

Culinary Uses

Although ginger powder is available in the spice aisle of the grocery store, it is best to purchase fresh ginger root in the produce section as it has higher levels of gingerol. Ginger is also available in several other forms including crystallized, candied and pickled ginger (served as a condiment with sushi). Fresh ginger can be stored unpeeled in the refrigerator for up to three weeks or peeled and grated in the freezer for up to six months.

Ginger is used in cuisine all over the world. In Western cooking, ginger is traditionally used in sweet foods such as ginger ale, gingerbread, and ginger snap cookies. In India and Pakistan, fresh ginger is one of the main spices used for making pulse and lentil (dried legumes) curries and other vegetables. Fresh, as well as dried, ginger is used to spice tea and coffee, especially in winter.

In Bangladesh, ginger is finely chopped or ground into a paste to use as a base for chicken and meat dishes with onion and garlic. In China, sliced or whole ginger root is often paired with savory dishes such as fish, and chopped ginger root is commonly paired with meat and candied ginger is eaten as a sweet. Ginger beer, a nonalcoholic carbonated beverage is also popular in Jamaica and the U.S.

Ginger Beer

To add a little spice to your recipes, try adding ginger to maple syrup to make a glaze for meats and vegetables. Infuse it into milk and cream to make a tangy custard or ice cream. You can even add it to tomato sauces! The sweetness of the tomatoes is a nice counterpoint to the sharp, spicy notes of the ginger. Also try adding chopped, crystallized ginger to cookies or muffins for an extra treat.


Resources

http://www.eatingwell.com
http://www.greenmedinfo.com
http://www.herbwisdom.com
http://www.wikipedia.org
http://www.whfoods.com

About

Marcia's head

As the former wife of a retired U.S. Navy Admiral, Marcia Steidle has traveled extensively throughout the world, sampling local cuisine and entertaining at cocktail parties for 250 and dinners for up to 40. She has taken cooking and wine appreciation classes in Berkeley, California and in Florence, Italy and has worked in the tasting room at a Virginia winery. She placed as one of 10 finalists in Maggiano’s Little Italy Restaurant in McLean, Virginia’s Best Italian Cook contest. Marcia graduated from the University of Maryland, University College, in 1987 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Behavioral Sciences and a minor in Journalism. She worked as a Realtor for nearly 20 years before decided to make a career change. She is culinary arts graduate from the Hospitality, Culinary Arts & Tourism Institute at Anne Arundel Community College. In summer 2007 she was one of only five students who participated in a culinary arts internship program on the Amalfi Coast in Italy. Her blog, http://www.theadmiralschef.com chronicles her adventure. She is also in the process of writing a cookbook, The Admiral’s Chef: Recipes from a Navy Wife’s World Travels.

Marcia has three children: Gretchen Steidle Wallace (www.globalgrassroots.org); Brian Steidle, former Capt, USMC (author of book & subject of documentary “The Devil Came on Horseback”), and LCdr. Eric Steidle, USN Reserves.

Sesame Tofu with Spicy Orange Sauce

Ingredients:

1 small minced onion
3 cloves minced garlic
1 (1/4-inch) piece peeled fresh ginger
6 ounces lemon juice
6 ounces olive oil
3 ounces soy sauce
3 ounces dark rum
2 tablespoons sugar
2 tablespoon salt
5 thick slices of tofu
1 cup toasted sesame seeds
2 cups all-purpose flour

Spicy Orange Sauce:
1 cup orange marmalade
1/2 cup balsamic vinaigrette salad dressing
1 tablespoons soy sauce
1 teaspoon red pepper flakes
2 tablespoons diced crystallized ginger

Directions:
Combine all ingredients except tofu, flour and sesame seeds in a large bowl and mix well. Place slices of tofu in the bowl with the marinade and put in the refrigerator overnight. Turn slices of tofu occasionally so all sides are marinated.

To make orange sauce: Put all ingredients in a saucepan, and heat until the marmalade melts. Whisk until smooth, and serve at room temperature.

To prepare tofu: Combine sesame seeds with the flour. Dredge marinated tofu in the flour-sesame mixture. In a skillet, heat enough canola oil to lightly coat the bottom of the skillet until hot, but not smoking. Cook tofu on both sides until golden brown. Transfer to a baking sheet and keep warm in a 300 degree oven until ready to serve. To serve, drizzle with Orange Sauce.

Week 10: Soybeans

Edamame

The soybean is a legume native to East Asia and grown in many countries throughout the world. Soybeans are considered by many agencies to be a source of complete protein that contains significant amounts of all the essential amino acids that must be provided to the human body because of the body’s inability to synthesize them. For this reason, soy is a good source of protein for vegetarians and vegans or for people who want to reduce the amount of meat they eat. Non-fermented products include edamame, soy milk, soy yogurt. Fermented products include soy sauce, tempeh and tofu.

History
Soybeans have been grown for centuries as a food product, particularly in Asian countries and were originally used in the U.S. as a fertilizer and for crop rotation due to their ability to “fix” nitrogen in the soil. According to an ancient Chinese myth, in 2853 BCE, the legendary Emperor Shennong of China proclaimed that five plants were sacred: soybeans, rice, wheat, barley, and millet. Soy was first introduced to Europe in the early 18th century and to British colonies in North America in 1765, where it was first grown for hay. Benjamin Franklin wrote a letter in 1770 mentioning sending soybeans home from England. Soybeans did not become an important crop outside of Asia until around 1910. In America, soy was considered an industrial product only, and was not used as a food prior to the 1920s.

In 1932–33, the Ford Motor Company spent approximately $1,250,000 on soybean research. By 1935, soybean oil was used to paint Ford automobiles, and was used as fluid for shock absorbers. Henry Ford promoted the soybean, helping to develop uses for it both in food and in industrial products, such as body panels made of soy-based plastics, as well as products like soy milk, ice cream and all-vegetable nondairy whipped topping.

Cultivation
Soybeans can grow in any kind of soil and do best in a climate with hot summers. The height of the plant varies from less than 0.2 to 2.0 m (0.66 to 6.6 ft).The pods, stems, and leaves are covered with fine brown or gray hairs. The fruit is a hairy pod that grows in clusters of three to five, each pod is 3–8 cm long (1–3 in) and usually contains two to four (rarely more) seeds. Raw soybeans, including the immature green form, are toxic to humans, swine, and chickens, thus they must be cooked before they are consumed. The U.S., Argentina, Brazil, China and India are the world’s largest soybean producers and represent more than 90% of global soybean production.

Health Benefits
Consumption of soy may reduce the risk of colon cancer, possibly due to the presence of certain lipids, or fats. Eating soy products is associated with a reduction in prostate cancer risk in men, breast cancer among women and may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. Recent studies have shown improvement in cognitive function, particularly verbal memory, and in frontal lobe function with the use of soy supplements. The FDA has also approved soy as a cholesterol-lowering food product.

Soybean Products
Soybeans can be processed and consumed in a number of ways. Soybean pods, also known as edamame, can be steamed and eaten lightly salted. Soy Milk is also a substitute for cows milk for lactose-intolerant individuals, although it does not naturally contain significant amounts of digestible calcium. Soy milk can be made into yogurt, ice cream, cheese and margarine. Soy infant formula is often given to babies that cannot process pasteurized milk. Tempeh or fermented cakes can be crumbled and substitute for chicken and ground beef in various recipes. Miso, a Japanese cooking staple, is a thick paste used for sauces and spreads, pickling vegetables or meats, and mixing with dashi soup stock to serve as miso soup.

Tofu, first introduced by the Chinese, is also called bean curd and is made by coagulating soy milk and then pressing the resulting curds into soft white blocks. It is used in many Asian cuisines. Tofu has a subtle flavor and can be used in savory and sweet dishes. It is often seasoned or marinated to suit the dish. Soy Sauce is a condiment made from a fermented paste of boiled soybeans, roasted grain, brine, and a mold called aspergillus. Most varieties of soy sauce are salty, earthy, brownish liquids intended to season food.

Industrial uses for soybeans include animal and fish feed, oils, soap, cosmetics, resins, plastics, inks, crayons, solvents, and clothing. Soybean oil is the primary source of biodiesel in the United States, accounting for 80% of domestic biodiesel production. The soybean is now the prime source of steroidal drugs, including contraceptives and steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like progesterone and cortisone.

As soybeans are a sustainable, renewable source of protein and oil, the National Soybean Research Laboratory and United Soybean Board report that researchers are continuing to develop new uses for soybean-based products for worldwide use.

Resources
http://www.agri-news-pubs.com
http://www.cancer.org
http://www.naturalfoods.com
http://www.soynewuses.org
http://www.wikipedia.org
http://www.worldsoyfoundation.org

Curried Pumpkin Soup

Pumpkin Soup

Ingredients:

2 T. butter
1 – 8oz package sliced fresh mushrooms
½ c. chopped onion
2 T flour
1 T curry powder
3 C chicken broth
2 C canned pumpkin
1 T honey
½ t salt
¼ t nutmeg
¼ t pepper
1 – 12 oz can evaporated milk

Directions:

Melt butter in large saucepan. Add mushrooms & onions and cook until tender, stirring often. Stir in flour & curry powder. Gradually add chicken broth and cook over medium heat, stirring constantly until thickened. Stir in pumpkin & next 4 ingredients. Reduce heat & simmer 10 minutes. Stir occasionally. Stir in milk & heat through. Garnish with sour cream, chopped fresh chives or toasted coconut (toast coconut in low oven – about 325 degrees – for 5-10 minutes) Makes 6-1 cup servings.

Vegetarian Retreat Menu – Part 2

Black Bean Burger

Here are the remaining menus for the retreat. The participants took a break and went to a local farmer’s market for dinner on Day 7 – besides various prepared foods, the market featured live music, organic meats, cheeses, baked goods, jewelry and knitted items for sale. The recipe for the Black Bean Burgers is at the end. Enjoy!

Day 7Lunch
Quinoa Salad
Apples

Dinner
Farmer’s Market

Day 8Lunch
Black Bean Burgers with Avocado & Alfalfa Sprouts
Blue Corn Chips
Oranges

Dinner
Veggie Pizza
Chocolate Chip Cookie Ice Cream Sandwiches

Day 9
Lunch
Veggie wraps (humus, red onion, tomatoes, carrots. cucumber)
Oranges

Dinner
Ginger & garlic linguine with scallions & water chestnuts
Sesame grilled tofu
Steamed Broccoli
Apple Crisp

Day 10
Lunch
Cheese Quesadillas
Black Bean Soup

Dinner
Tempeh Coconut Curry
Brown & Wild Rice
Sesame Green Beans
Ginger Ice Cream

Day 11
Lunch
Curried Pumpkin Soup
Egg Salad Sandwiches

Spicy Black Bean Burger with Avocado, Alfalfa Sprouts
And Chipotle Mayonnaise

Ingredients:

Black Bean Burgers
2 15-oz cans black beans, drained well
6 green onions, finely chopped
½ c. finely chopped seeded red bell pepper
¼ c. chopped fresh cilantro
2 large garlic cloves, minced
1 ½ T. minced seeded jalapeno chili
2 t. ground cumin
1 large egg
2 T. plus 1 c. yellow cornmeal
6 T. olive oil
6 whole wheat hamburger buns
2 large avocadoes, sliced
Alfalfa sprouts

Chipotle Mayonnaise
3/4 cup mayonnaise
1 tablespoon chipotle chilies, finely chopped
1 tablespoon fresh cilantro, chopped
1 1/2 teaspoons fresh lime juice

Directions:

Place drained beans in a large bowl. Using hand masher, mash beans coarsely. Mix in green onions, bell pepper, cilantro, garlic, jalapeno and cumin. Season to taste with salt and pepper. Mix in egg and 2 T. cornmeal. Place remaining 1 c. cornmeal in small dish. Shape bean mixture into 6 flattened patties. Turn to coat in cornmeal. Heat 3 T. oil in heavy large skillet over medium heat. Fry bean burgers until firm and crisp, adding more oil as needed, about 6-8 minutes on each side. Drain on paper towels. Transfer to whole wheat buns and garnish with avocado slices and alfalfa sprouts. Chipotle mayonnaise: Mix the mayonnaise, chipotles, cilantro, and lime juice until well blended. Refrigerate and allow flavors to blend before using. Serve 1/8 c. on the side. Makes 6 burgers.